Donor Committee for Dual Vocational Education and Training (DC dVET)
Gender & Social Inclusion
Gender Equality & Social Inclusion (GESI) in Dual VET in Development CooperationWebmaster2023-08-24T20:34:42+02:00
Gender Equality & Social Inclusion (GESI) in Dual VET in Development Cooperation
How can development cooperation foster GESI and dual VET so that women and other disadvantaged groups benefit from better employment and business opportunities and higher incomes?
Who are the disadvantaged groups and which barriers are often overseen in dual VET where training is systematically delivered in two learning venues?
How can we ensure that GESI is adequately addressed and covers the complex, intercorrelated realities and multiple disadvantages of these groups in (dual) VET and the labour market?
Experiences and learnings in partner countries of development cooperation are rich and diverse. There is a general understanding that in VET and labour markets, women and other disadvantaged groups face several specific barriers. These are highlighted e.g. in SDC 2020: Understanding and analysing VET systems – An introduction or ILO 2021: The future of diversity. The graph below illustrates that these barriers manifest themselves at different levels along the whole VET process including labour market access and retention. As indicated by the red arrows, these barriers can lead to lower access and graduation rates, and fewer employment opportunities.
During Training – delivery and assehttps://doi.org/10.1111/spol.12125ssment: Barriers during the training can include how training is delivered (standardized delivery) in the learning venues (vocational school/centre or enterprise). It might also be that the specific needs of learners, like timings, necessary workplace adjustments or lack of awareness and sensitization of staff in the learning venues are not considered. These barriers potentially result in higher dropout rates during the training and assessments (UNESCO-UNEVOC, 2019: TVET for disadvantaged youth).
DC dVET BarCamp & Further Resources: How can GESI be addressed in development cooperation?
During the 1st DC dVET BarCamp on “GESI in dual VET in Development Cooperation – Getting Beyond Indicators” some of the following aspects were highlighted:
Enabling policies and a regulatory environment for inclusive VET and targeted active labour market measures for disadvantaged groups are critical pre-conditions for mainstreaming GESI in VET and labour markets.
Interventions must take a perspective of diversity, considering and acknowledging the high levels of diversity in the population – as opposed to assuming that there is a standard ‘normal’, towards which disadvantaged groups show deficits which they should overcome through support measures (ILO, 2021: The future of diversity).
At the operational level, it is important that VET schools and training companies are incentivized, capacitated and willing to embrace diversity and make adequate resource allocations for adaptation and special support measures in both learning venues.
Dual VET, despite the various advantages (see DC dVET Topics & Resources) might also intensify certain barriers for certain groups if policies or legal instruments are not available or not sufficiently implemented at the learning venues (see graph 2 below).
Graph 2: Addressing GESI with various measures for access and participation at policy and training level (own graph)
For more in-depth information on the keynote by Dr. Sandra Rothboeck and discussions during the exchange sessions please consult the following resources:
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