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International Conference on TVET for Employment, Income, and Job Quality

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It is generally believed that education leads to employability and opportunity to earn that will eventually contribute to enhance the quality of life. However, in the present context, the growing dissociates between the skills that are taught and the skills that are in demand, is leaving millions of youth without jobs globally. Although the demand of workforce is increasing with a new set of skills in proliferating industries, the young workforce is not being able to meet the expectations. As a result, the gap between the job market and job seekers is widening and it has been a challenge for policy makers, planners, and researchers.

It is obvious that the major work force of a country is youth. They are the change agents of political, economic, social and cultural transformation of a nation. In this sense the country needs to pay attention towards the development of the youths in order to bring their competence in the mainstream of national development. This can only be made possible with provision of education, skills training, and culture. More specifically, there is the need for Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) which has been proved fruitful in many countries, to bridge the gap between job market and work force. Nevertheless, in many countries, particularly in developing ones, the TVET sector has not been able to perform to the best. Though these countries have been investing for the development of the sector, they faced many problems, such as unable to identify resources, fail to interlink skill and job market. There could be many reasons for this poor performance like poor institutional performance, absence of strong backward and forward linkages, low social image, etc. More importantly, in such developing countries, there is knowledge constrain. There is lack of research-based knowledge on the functioning of TVET and how skill-based education maximizes the opportunities. Consequently, the TVET development efforts are carried out on the basis of guess estimate resulting in one more cycle of poor performance.

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